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AYURMENTOR

 

Ayurmentor

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SHALAKYA (NETRA ROG VIGYAN )
PAPER- I
Netra Rog Vigyan Maulik Siddhant
Etymology, definition and importance of the word ‘Shalakya’. History and development of the science of eye disorders. Superiority of eye (Netra) among all the sense organs and its importance. Synonyms of ‘Netra’ and its etymological derivation.
Panchabhautikatva of Netra, classification as per dosha, matruja and pitruja factors and their practical importance.Descriptive knowledge of sharir rachana of netra, i.e- mandal, sandhi, patal, dristi etc. and detail and practical knowledge of vital points (Marma) related to eye and their applied aspects. Kriya sharir of netra –on the basis of tridosha, dhatu, malas in the eyes and their functions and Chakshurindriya kriya along with the applied aspects. Current trends and contemporary developments in anatomical and physiological considerations of eyes.
General examination of eye, inclusive of subjective and objective examination and clinical methods.Latest instruments, diagnostic tools and technology, its utility in diagnosis and evaluation, other advanced techniques and imaging technology.
General hygiene for netra inclusive of netra raskanaupaya (Preventive ophthalmology). Common etiologies, pathogenesis, prodormal symptoms, general treatment and classification of netra rogs.Understanding priniciples of shodhan and shaman therapy & localf therapeutic measures (kriyakalpa) in netra chikitsa their development and importance.
General introduction of four treatment procedures (Bhesaj, Sastra, Kshar, Agni etc.), knowledge of Anushastra Karma in netra chikitsa. Study of agropaharneeya, (pre-operative, operative and post–operative procedures) yantra-shastra, (sharp and blunt) vrnabhandha, (materials & methods) nirjantukarana, (asepsis and sterilization of OT and instruments) vranithopasana (post operative management of the patient) in general with special reference to netra shastrachikitsa.
Study of essential modern drugs, anaesethic agents of diagnostic and surgical importance. 
Ethical considerations in clinical and research in biomedical practice. Knowledge of rules, regulations and medico legal aspects of ophthalmic practice, eye donation, eye banking and grafting.
PAPER- II
Netra Rog Vigyan- (Ayurveda Vivechana)
 
Enumeration and classification of eye diseases.
Descriptive knowledge of etiology, pathogenesis, prodomal symptoms, clinical features, complications and prognosis of sandhi, vartma, shukla, krshna, dristi, sarvagata, shiro -rog and exogenous eye diseases available in Ayurvedic classics. Management, practical training and orientation of above said diseases.
Study of ocular trauma (nayanbhigata) its, management and prevention. 
Knowledge of Preventive and community ophthalmology along with national programme for control of blindness & role Ayueveda can play in it.
Congenital, developmental, traumatic, neoplastic and degernative diseases of netra.
PAPER - III
Netra Rog Vigyan (Adhunik Vivechana)
Knowledge and application of current diagnostic and therapeutic equipments.
Principles of ophthalmic optics, refraction, causes and management of refractive errors along with defects of accomodations.
Detailed knowledge of classification, etiology, pathogenesis, signs and symptoms, complications of occular disorders with comprehensive knowledge of their management.
Occular motility disorders and its management.
Neurological and systemic disorders affecting the eyes and their management.
PAPER - IV
tra Rog Vigyan Shalya - Chikitsa & Vangmaya
Up-to-date practical knowledge of applied and available surgical procedures indicated in different eye disorders like –lid and orbital, conjunctival, corneal, lacrimal sac, cataract, glaucoma, vitroretinal& squint surgeries and application of laser.
Details of surgical procedures like chedana, bhedana, lekhana, vyadhana and Parasurgical procedures like agnikarma, ksharakarma & raktamokshana followed in eye diseases.
 
Analytical determination of subjects related to eye disorders in ancient and modern commentaries of different Samhita Granthas.
Netra kriya kalpa procedures like –seka, ashchyotana, bidalaka, pindi, tarpana, putapaka and anjana and their practical applications and interpretation and analysis of netra kriyakalpas based on occualr pharmacology.Standard operative procedures for preparations of drugs/dosage for topical ophthalmic use.
Important Ayurvedic drugs/formulations used in ophthalmology (netrarog chikitsaopayogi vishita yoganam parigyanam).
Pharmcological actions and uses of plant, metal and mineral ophthalmic drugs mentioned in Ayurvedic classics.
Research and development update on ophthalmic drugs and surgical procedures.

Reference Books

Charka samhita  with commentaries

Sushrut samhita and vaghbhata with commentaries

Astanga hridaya and Astanga sangraha with commentaries

Madhava nidan with commentaries

Bhavaprakasha with commentaries

Sarangadhara samhita with commentaries

Sahstrayoga Sangraha

Chakradhatta 

Shalakya Tantra  - Ramanath Dwivedi

Shalakya Tantra  -R.C. Chaudhary

The Actions and uses of Indigenous  Ophthalmic Drugs -       N.Srikanth

Clinical Examination of Ophthalmic   Cases      - Agarwal and Gupta  

Alder’s Physiology of the Eye and Clinical Applications - Cotlier, St. Louis

Disease of the Lens and Vitrous, Glaucoma and Hypotony - Duke Elder, St. Louis

A Text Book of Ophthalmology - Ahmed E.

A Text book of clinical ophthalmology - Dhanda

Modern Ophthalmology-  Dutta, L.C. Jaypee Brothers

Manual of the Diseases of the Eye  - May,C. and Worth, C.Bailliere Tindal and Castell

Ophthalmology – Principles and Concepts- Newell, F.W., C.V. Mosby Co., St. Louis.

Ocular Differential Diagnosis - Roy Fedrick Hamptn Lea & Febiger

Clinical Ophthalmology                - Smith, R.Verghese   Company

Abrahm Manual of Refraction         -Duke & Elder

Hand Book of ophthalmology          -B.M. Chaterjee

Hand Book of ophthalmology         - Khurana

Clinical ophthalmology                  -Kanski

Parsons Diseases of Eye

Stallard’s Eye Surgery  

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